Evolution and the Bible

 

Although there ore some points of similarity between the skeletons of man and the ape, the differences are numerous and fundamental. As one scientist remarked, evolutionists might as well claim that man descended from any other form of life, because differences between man and the ape are as important as between man and other forms. The ape has neither chin nor forehead, Its foot grasps like a hand. Its teeth are not arranged in close rows. If it were forced to stand erect, it would be looking upwards, not forward. The average weight of its brain compared to that of its body is as 1 to 70. For man the ratio is 1 to 35. The ape cannot speak articulately.

 

How did the body of the first man originate? — According to the Bible, the body of the first man was made by God from the slime of the earth.

“And the Lord God formed man of the slime of the earth” (Gen. 2:7).

     

  1. The natural and obvious meaning of these words from the Book of Genesis is that the body of Adam was made directly by God from created substance. Such is the traditional Catholic interpretation.

    The Church teaches that the Genesis account is substantially historically true. But Catholics are not forbidden certain liberty of interpretation. For example, the “day” of creation is not necessarily – and not probably — our 24-hour day. We may consider the work done by God in one “day” as an immediate act, or as the result of a long period of development through the functioning of natural forces.

     

  2. Holy Scripture was not written for the purpose of serving as a technical reference work in science. The sacred writer’s aim was to tell the story of creation, for the belief of the people, not for scientific investigation.

What is the theory of evolution? — Evolution is a theory concerning the origin and development of plants, animals, and man.

     

  1. The theory holds that life began with the simplest forms, then developed into more complex forms, until at last the most complex form, man, was “evolved”.

    Some evolutionists hold that the monkey or ape and man both developed from a common ancestor. Darwin’s first man was a highly-developed ape. “Man when he was in honor did not understand; he hath been compared to senseless beasts, and made like to them” (Ps. 48:21).

     

  2. Many speak as if the theory of evolution had been thoroughly and scientifically proved. This is not so; at present conjectures still largely underlie the theory. Natural science alone can never explain how the first human body was actually produced.

    Unaided, it cannot explain the origin of inorganic matter, or the origin of life in the simplest organism. Divine Revelation alone can give the answer to the origin of man, and of all created things.

     

  3. The evolutionists based their theories on the discovery of the so-called “missing link,” from which the first man is supposed to have developed, a link between man and the ape. There is no such “missing link”. All skeletons discovered have been proved to be either of genuine men or of real apes. Of the distinguished modern scientists who deny that evolution is an established fact, we might mention: Fabre, the outstanding naturalist of modern times; Millikan, the great physicist; John Burroughs, the naturalist; Professors Richet (Paris), and Henderson (Harvard); Dr. Dwight, the anatomist; Alexis Carrel, and Sir Bertram Windle.

     

  4. However, even if the theory of evolution could be scientifically proved, even if a “missing link” should be discovered, the theory would not be opposed to Catholic doctrine, which merely requires belief in the immediate creation of Adam’s soul, in the image of God. Any “evolution” was surely begun by an Intelligent Cause: God.

    We therefore take literally the Book of Genesis, which tells of the peculiar creation of man, of the formation of the first woman from the first man, of the original happiness of our First Parents in the state of justice, of their integrity and immortality, of the test to which God put them, of their transgression of the divine command at the instigation of the devil in some form, of the loss of the original innocence, and of the promise of the Redeemer.

What is the origin of the human soul? — God directly creates every human soul out of nothing.

     

  1. From the very beginning, God has created every human soul out of nothing.

    Thus He created the soul of Adam, when after forming his body, He , 

    “breathed into his face the breath of life, and man became a living soul” 

  2. (Gen. 2:7). Every human soul is created at the same moment that one comes to life, at conception.

  3. Man’s soul is not produced from some other soul or matter. It is spiritual and simple. It did not exist before the person lived. It did not come to exist after he was already alive. Man’s life is due to his soul. As soon as the soul leaves the body, life ceases.

    The investigations of scientists have discovered a singular universality and sameness in ideas of right and wrong, a moral code, in all races and peoples, however primitive. These are universally looked upon as wrong: the wanton murder of one not an enemy, stealing from one’s own group, maltreatment of children, irreverence, incest, adultery. If this attitude resulted from fear of reprisal, why is not murder considered wrong when against an enemy? Why has incest always been regarded as wrong, when primitive men surely could have no idea of the evils of inbreeding? One must conclude that this universal conscience comes from One Source.

     

  4. Man’s soul is not derived from his parents. Only his body is derived from them. There is no possible “evolution” of the soul, for it is a spiritual substance, not subject to the laws of physical nature, and could not possibly be developed from a lower or material form of life.

    Manifestations of the soul, like cleverness, talent, traits of character, etc., by which children resemble their parents, are due to the attributes of the bodythat they derived from their parents, or to training in the family. If one holds a colored glass to the light the reflection will have the color of the glass. But the glass did not make the sun whose reflection is cast. Is even the mind a product of evolution? The most primitive man is capable of abstract reasoning. The most intelligent beasts cannot think in concepts.

How many centuries were there from Adam to Christ? — The Church has never given a decision; this question will perhaps never be answered.

     

  1. It is generally admitted that the Bible teaches nothing definite on the matter. The line of patriarchs, which it gives, with their ages, probably contains many gaps.

    A man is said to be a son of another, whereas he may only be a remote descendant. In the same way the Bible speaks of Our Lord as the Son of David, although David preceded Him 1000 years.

     

  2. Some Catholic theologians state that the age of man may be stretched to ten, or one hundred thousand years or even longer. Neither scientists nor theologians have come to a definite solution.

This article has been taken from “My Catholic Faith” I am not the author merely the distributor.
God Bless BJS!!

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